Mesothelioma, more markedly malignant mesothelioma, is a rare type of cancer that arises from the mesothelium, the protective layer covering many internal organs of the body. The disease is usually caused by exposure to asbestos.
The most common place of the disease is the pleura (the outer covering of the lungs and the inner part of the chest), but it is the peritoneum (abdominal covering), the heart, the pericardium (the heart enclosure) or the tunica vaginalis (Tunica Vaginalis)
Most individuals with mesothelioma were either employed at places where asbestos and glass particles entered their bodies during respiration, or they were exposed to asbestos particles and fibers in other ways. There has also been the possibility that washing a family member’s work with asbestos or glass may also increase the risk of developing mesothelioma in a person. Unlike lung cancer, mesothelioma and There is no association between smoking, but smoking greatly increases the risk of asbestos-induced other cancers. Asbestos exposure People visiting A often seek the help of lawyers to seek compensation for asbestos-related diseases, including mesothelioma. Compensation through asbestos funds or legal lawsuits is an important issue in mesothelioma
Symptoms of mesothelioma include shortness of breath due to pleural effusion (fluid between the lungs and chest wall) or chest pain and common symptoms, such as weight loss. Its diagnosis can be estimated by chest X-ray and CT scan and confirmed by biopsy (tissue samples) and microscopic examination. Thoracoscopy (inserting a tube with a camera into the chest) can be used to take a biopsy. It also allows the use of substances such as talc to wipe the pleural part (called pleurodesis), to prevent more fluid from being collected and pressurized to the lungs. Despite chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and sometimes surgical treatment, the disease is rarely diagnosed. Research on screening tests for early detection of mesothelioma is ongoing.
Signs and symptoms of Mesothelioma
The signs or symptoms of mesothelioma may not show for 20 to 50 years after exposure to asbestos. Problems with breathing, cough, and chest pain due to the accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (pleural leakage) are often symptoms of pleural mesothelioma.
Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include weight loss and cachexia, abdominal swelling and pain due to ascites (a fluid formed in the stomach). Other symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma may include intestinal obstruction, blood clotting problems, anemia, and fever. If the cancer has spread beyond the mesothelium to other parts of the body, its symptoms may include pain, difficulty swallowing, and swelling of the neck or face.
These symptoms may be caused by mesothelioma or other, less serious conditions.
Mesothelioma affecting the pleura can cause these signs and symptoms:
- Chest pain
Leakage from lungs, or fluid buildup around lungs
Shortness of breath
Fatigue or anemia
Wheezing, hoarseness, or cough
Blood in the mucus (fluid) that comes out due to cough (hemoptysis)
In severe cases, a tumor may also form in the person’s body. A condition of pneumothorax in the person, or the lung stops functioning, may also occur. The disease may progress and spread to other parts of the body.
Tumors that affect the stomach usually do not produce any symptoms until they reach a much later stage. Symptoms include:
♥ stomach pain
♥Ascites or abnormal deposition of fluid in the stomach
♥Stomach in the stomach
♥Problems with intestinal function
In severe cases of the disease, the following signs and symptoms may be present:
Blood clots in the veins that can cause thrombophlebitis
Disseminated intravascular coagulation, a problem that causes severe bleeding in many organs of the body
Jaundice, or yellowing of the eyes and skin
Decreased blood sugar level
Pulmonary emboli, or blood clots in the arteries of the lungs
Mesothelioma does not usually spread to the bones, brain, or adrenal gland. Lung tumors are usually found only on one side of the lungs..